Erythrocephalum zambesianum Oliv. & Hiern

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Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd near Chinziwa Scout Camp

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd near Chinziwa Scout Camp

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle, kopje behind hotel

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Erythrocephalum longifolium Oliv.
Common names: Red rays (English)
Frequency: Frequent in high rainfall areas.
Status: Native
Description:
Erect suffrutex, 12-80 cm. Stems arising from a woody rootstock, zigzag above with leaves crowded in upper part. Leaves sessile: lamina 7-22 × 1.5-7.5 cm, elliptic to lanceolate, green, thinly arachnoid above, persistently appressed, greyish arachnoid-lanate beneath; base semi-amplexicaul and subauriculate; margin sharply serrulate. Capitula solitary and terminal or 2-6 terminal on branches. Involucre 10-22 mm. Receptacular scales 10-15 mm, triangular-lorate, reddish-purple tipped. Rays 14-30 mm, deep-red. Achenes 5-6 mm, angular-barrel-shaped, 5-ribbed, minutely pubescent. Pappus setae 6-9 mm.
Notes: C. Jeffrey and H.E. Beentje in FTEA (Part 1) p. 27 call this species Erythrocephalum longifolium Oliv.
Derivation of specific name: zambesianum: of the Zambezi area, general reference to the countries forming the watedshed of the Zambezi River, where this species is mostly found.
Habitat: In high rainfall miombo woodland and grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 980 - 1900 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and the DRC south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 17 February 2014
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 93. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 142, plate 185

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 21 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1972). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 3. Mutisieae. Kirkia 8(2) Pages 174 - 175.


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Other sources of information about Erythrocephalum zambesianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora of Zambia: Erythrocephalum zambesianum

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Erythrocephalum zambesianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Ispot Southern Africa : Erythrocephalum zambesianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Tropicos: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
West African Plants database: Erythrocephalum zambesianum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erythrocephalum zambesianum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=161980, retrieved 29 July 2016

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