Picris echioides L.

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Picris echioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Polders of Lampernisse, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

Picris echioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hasselt, Limburg, Belgium

Picris echioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hasselt, Limburg, Belgium

Picris echioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hasselt, Limburg, Belgium

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Helmintia echioides (L.) Gaertn.
Common names: Bristly ox-tongue (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced (see note below).
Description:
Annual or biennial herb, up to 1 m tall. Stems stout, bearing rigid hairs which are tuberculate at the base and 3-fid and hooked at the apex. Basal leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, decurrent into a winged petiole; cauline leaves sessile, amplexicaul. Capitula borne in an irregular corymb. Outer phyllaries 3-5, large, ovate-cordate; inner lanceolate. Flowers yellow. Achenes 2.5-3.5 mm; beak slender, as long as the achene.
Notes: At SRGH (on 4 February 2009) there were 3 specimens of Picris echioides; all of which are from a plant grown on at Salisbury Research Station in 1977 originally from a contaminant of carrot seed originating from the Birdseye Factory, at Juliasdale (Nyanga District).

The inclusion of this species in the Zimbabwe flora therefore seems rather tenuous. Clearly, Picris echioides seeds have been introduced into Zimbabwe and have the potential to occur as a weed in carrot crops, but that does not actually seem to have yet occurred.

All three specimens are insect-damaged.
Derivation of specific name: echioides: resembling the genus Echium
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to the Mediterranean region, the Canary Isles and SW Asia; widely naturalised in Europe, N America and other parts of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 30 January 2013
Literature:

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Other sources of information about Picris echioides:

External websites:

African Plant Database: Picris echioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Picris echioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Picris echioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Picris echioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Picris echioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Picris echioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Picris echioides
Ispot Southern Africa : Picris echioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Picris echioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Picris echioides
Tropicos: Picris echioides
West African Plants database: Picris echioides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Picris echioides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162060, retrieved 5 December 2016

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