Sonchus oleraceus L.

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Sonchus oleraceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Sonchus oleraceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms:
Common names: Smooth sow-thistle (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Description:
Tall annual weed ( up to 1.2 m). A native of Europe and North Africa but now a near cosmopolitan weed.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: oleraceus: vegetable-garden herb used in cooking
Habitat: In gardens, on roadsides and other disturbed places.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: A native of Europe and North Africa but now a near cosmopolitan weed.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 149. (Includes a picture).

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 225 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 75. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Sonchus oleraceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Malawi: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Mozambique: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Zambia: Sonchus oleraceus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Sonchus oleraceus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sonchus oleraceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sonchus oleraceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sonchus oleraceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sonchus oleraceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sonchus oleraceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sonchus oleraceus
Ispot Southern Africa : Sonchus oleraceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sonchus oleraceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sonchus oleraceus
Tropicos: Sonchus oleraceus
West African Plants database: Sonchus oleraceus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sonchus oleraceus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162170, retrieved 4 December 2016

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