Bridelia cathartica G. Bertol.
subsp. melanthesoides (Baill.) J. LĂ©onard[Agg]

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Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path between Bunga Camp and stream, base of Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path between Bunga Camp and stream, base of Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path between Bunga Camp and stream, base of Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path between Bunga Camp and stream, base of Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River

Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bridelia melanthesoides (Baill.) Klotzsch
Pentameria melanthesoides Baill.
Common names: Blue sweetberry (English) Knobby bridelia (English) Mumbarembare (Shona) Mupambare (Shona) Mupurungu (Shona) Mutsvitsvirondo (Shona)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling shrub or small tree with long somewhat zig-zag branches and leaves held in one plane. Flowers unisexual, usually on the same tree, greenish-yellow in small axillary clusters. Fruit obovoid to subspherical, reddish-purple to blackish when ripe. Two varieties and various forms are found in Zimbabwe and can be distinguished as follows:

1. Venation not prominent beneath; dry leaves green var. melanthesoides

1. Venation prominent; dry leaves yellow or brown var. lingelsheimii 2.

2. Veins pubescent beneath (later becoming hairless) forma fischeri

2. Veins completely hairless beneath forma niedenzui

Subsp. cathartica occurs in coastal southern Mozambique and South Africa.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: cathartica: vomit inducing, referring to one of its uses in traditional medicine.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: From Sudan to Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (different varieties and forms).
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 9 November 2008
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 324.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 15 - 18. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 207.


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Other sources of information about Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides
Flora of Caprivi: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides
Flora of Malawi: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides
Flora of Mozambique: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides
Flora of Zambia: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides

External websites:

African Plant Database: Bridelia cathartica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Bridelia cathartica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bridelia cathartica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bridelia cathartica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bridelia cathartica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bridelia cathartica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bridelia cathartica
Ispot Southern Africa : Bridelia cathartica
JSTOR Plant Science: Bridelia cathartica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bridelia cathartica
Tropicos: Bridelia cathartica
West African Plants database: Bridelia cathartica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bridelia cathartica subsp. melanthesoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162760, retrieved 26 August 2016

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