Ficus natalensis Hochst.
subsp. natalensis

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Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Lusaka, grown from seed collected from Kitwe.

Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Lusaka, grown from seed collected from Kitwe.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus natalensis Hochst. var. pedunculata Sim
Urostigma natalense (Hochst.) Miq.
Common names: Idotsi (Ndebele) Inkiwane (Ndebele) Mutsamvi (Shona) Natal fig (English)
Status: Native
Tree to 20 m tall. Aerial roots few or abundant. Leaves alternate or subopposite; lamina 3-9 × 1-4 cm, coriaceous, often obovate but sometimes elliptic or oblong-elliptic, dark green above, paler beneath, glabrous; apex rounded to acute or shortly acuminate; base cuneate; petiole 7 - 30 mm long. Fruit axillary, 10-20 mm in diameter, glabrous, spherical or pear-shaped, becoming pink or bright red when ripe; ostiole flat or faintly raised; basal disk 0; peduncle 3-12 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, including miombo woodland, riverine forest, afromontane and low altitude evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Senegal, Gabon, DRC, Sudan, Angola, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo)
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele accentifera (Food plant)
Elisabethiella socotrensis (Pollinated by this insect)
Alfonsiella longiscapa (Pollinated by this insect)
Asota speciosa (Larval foodplant)
Glyphodes stolalis (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 66 - 67.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 176 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus natalensis

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.


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Other sources of information about Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Malawi: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Zambia: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus natalensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus natalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus natalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus natalensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus natalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus natalensis
Tropicos: Ficus natalensis
West African Plants database: Ficus natalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis., retrieved 6 December 2016

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