Crinum buphanoides Welw. ex Baker

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Crinum buphanoides

Photo: Di Hull
Cultivated in Harare

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Synonyms: Crinum amboense Baker
Crinum leucophyllum Baker
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing from a large bulb 10-15 cm wide. Leaves distichous, sheathing at the base forming a distinct false stem up to 30 cm high. Widest leaves 6.5-14 cm broad getting narrower with the uppermost only c. 1 cm broad; margin ciliate; most leaves usually dying off at the apex. Flowering stem robust, 35-45 cm long. Spathe valves c. 10 cm long, reflexed. Inflorescence 13-40-flowered; pedicels 1.5-4.5 cm long; tube slender, 7-12 cm long; perianth segments linear c. 6-7 cm long and 1 cm wide, recurved, white to pink;stames arcuate, erect reddish in the upper portion and anthers yellow; style deep red in upper part. Fruit distinctly beaked.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On river banks and river beds of seasonal streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Zimudzi, C. (2006). A new record of Crinum buphanoides Baker (Amaryllidaceae) for Zimbabwe Kirkia 18(2) Pages 169 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Page 122.


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Other sources of information about Crinum buphanoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crinum buphanoides
Flora of Malawi: Crinum buphanoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crinum buphanoides
African Plant Database: Crinum buphanoides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crinum buphanoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crinum buphanoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crinum buphanoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crinum buphanoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crinum buphanoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crinum buphanoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crinum buphanoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crinum buphanoides
Ispot Southern Africa: Crinum buphanoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Crinum buphanoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crinum buphanoides
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Crinum buphanoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crinum buphanoides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crinum buphanoides
Tropicos: Crinum buphanoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crinum buphanoides., retrieved 24 February 2017

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