Crinum buphanoides Welw. ex Baker

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Crinum buphanoides

Photo: Di Hull
Cultivated in Harare

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Synonyms: Crinum amboense Baker
Crinum leucophyllum Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, growing from a large bulb 10-15 cm wide. Leaves distichous, sheathing at the base forming a distinct false stem up to 30 cm high. Widest leaves 6.5-14 cm broad getting narrower with the uppermost only c. 1 cm broad; margin ciliate; most leaves usually dying off at the apex. Flowering stem robust, 35-45 cm long. Spathe valves c. 10 cm long, reflexed. Inflorescence 13-40-flowered; pedicels 1.5-4.5 cm long; tube slender, 7-12 cm long; perianth segments linear c. 6-7 cm long and 1 cm wide, recurved, white to pink;stames arcuate, erect reddish in the upper portion and anthers yellow; style deep red in upper part. Fruit distinctly beaked.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On river banks and river beds of seasonal streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Zimudzi, C. (2006). A new record of Crinum buphanoides Baker (Amaryllidaceae) for Zimbabwe Kirkia 18(2) Pages 169 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Page 122.


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Other sources of information about Crinum buphanoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crinum buphanoides
Flora of Malawi: Crinum buphanoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crinum buphanoides
African Plant Database: Crinum buphanoides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crinum buphanoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crinum buphanoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crinum buphanoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crinum buphanoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crinum buphanoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crinum buphanoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crinum buphanoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crinum buphanoides
Ispot Southern Africa: Crinum buphanoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Crinum buphanoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crinum buphanoides
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Crinum buphanoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crinum buphanoides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crinum buphanoides
Tropicos: Crinum buphanoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crinum buphanoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164430, retrieved 19 October 2017

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