Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels[Agg]

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Hexalobus monopetalus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu Gorge

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Synonyms: Hexalobus glabrescens Hutch. & Dalz. ex Burtt Davy
Hexalobus senegalensis A. DC.
Common names: Baboons' breakfast (English) Muhodzongwa (Shona) Mukorongwa (Shona) Mukwingiziri (Shona) Munyani (Shona) Mupodzongo (Shona) Mupodzongwa (Shona) Musakama (Shona) Shakama plum (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, held in one plane, oblong-elliptic to obovate with variously covered in short reddish hairs on the undersurface, sometimes only along the midrib. Flowers solitary in the leaf axils with long slender, twisted petals, usually opening only when the tree is leafless. Fruit in 1-3 cylindric segments, sparsely covered in short hairs, red when ripe, edible.
Notes: The two varieties, var. monopetalus and var. obovatus are treated separately.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In hot dry woodland and scrub, on rocky hillsides and in riverine thickets.
Altitude range: (metres) 870 - 1360 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Graphium antheus (Food plant)
Graphium morania (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 32 - 33. (Includes a picture).

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Hexalobus monopetalus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hexalobus monopetalus
Flora of Zambia: Hexalobus monopetalus

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hexalobus monopetalus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hexalobus monopetalus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hexalobus monopetalus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hexalobus monopetalus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hexalobus monopetalus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hexalobus monopetalus
Ispot Southern Africa : Hexalobus monopetalus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hexalobus monopetalus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hexalobus monopetalus
Tropicos: Hexalobus monopetalus
West African Plants database: Hexalobus monopetalus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hexalobus monopetalus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164520, retrieved 27 July 2016

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