Ficus sycomorus L.
subsp. sycomorus

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Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashi Wilderness Camp, by Shashi River opposite Tuli Circle

Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashi Wilderness Camp, by Shashi River opposite Tuli Circle

Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashi Wilderness Camp, by Shashi River opposite Tuli Circle

Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashi Wilderness Camp, by Shashi River opposite Tuli Circle

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus cocculifolia Baker
Ficus integrifolia Sim
Common names: Common cluster fig (English) Mukuyu (Shona) Mukuyukono (Shona) Muonde (Shona) Musvunguzu (Shona) Mutsvita (Shona) Sycomore fig (English) Umkhiwa (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Large spreading tree with a short thick trunk. All parts exude a milky latex. Bark very characteristically yellowish, smooth, flaking in irregular patches. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate to almost round, very stiff and often rough to the touch, dull yellowish green; venation prominent below, somewhat 3-veined from the base with 4-8 pairs of lateral veins. Figs borne in large branched clusters from the main stem and larger branches, subspherical, up to 3 cm in diameter, usually densely, finely hairy, yellow, pink or red when ripe. See subsp. gnaphalocarpa for differences.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: sycomorus: probably a combination of sykon, greek for fig, and morus, the name for mulberry
Habitat: On alluvial soils in riverine situations in lower raifall areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Syria and Saudi Arabia, throughout most of Africa down to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also in Madagascar and the Comores
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 18 June 2009
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 62 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus sycomorus

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 20 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 219.


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Other sources of information about Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus
Flora of Caprivi: Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus
Flora of Malawi: Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus sycomorus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus sycomorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus sycomorus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus sycomorus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus sycomorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus sycomorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus sycomorus
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus sycomorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus sycomorus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus sycomorus
Tropicos: Ficus sycomorus
West African Plants database: Ficus sycomorus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164690, retrieved 24 August 2016

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