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Photo: Bart Wursten
Small Bridge Dam, Penhalonga.
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Chinese elm (English)
Frequency: Rare as an escape
Description: Shrub or small tree with slender branches forming a wide spreading crown. Bark mottled grey, green and orange cracking in small jigsaw-like pieces showing an orange-red layer underneath; small branches distinctly zigzag, brown with orange lenticels, slightly pubescent. Leaves alternate, 2-6 cm long, elliptic to broadly lanceolate, single-veined from an asymmetric base, shiny dark green above, much paler beneath; margin toothed. Flowers in small axillary clusters, inconspicuous, pale green, unisexual on the same tree. Fruit almost round but flattend, 1-1.5 cm long, winged, notched at the apex, pale reddish-brown.
Notes: Fairly common as a planted tree in gardens and along streets. So far only known as a naturalised species in Zimbabwe from a single record.
Derivation of specific name:
parvifolia: with small leaves
Altitude range: (metres)
1545 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Native to China, Korea and Japan.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 16 December 2012
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Other sources of information about Ulmus parvifolia: Our websites: Flora of Zimbabwe
cultivated Ulmus parvifolia External websites: African Plant Database
Ulmus parvifolia Biodiversity Explorer
(Biodiversity of southern Africa):
Ulmus parvifolia EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
Ulmus parvifolia ePIC
(electronic Plant Information Center):
Ulmus parvifolia Flora Zambesiaca
Ulmus parvifolia Google
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for
Ulmus parvifolia IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Ulmus parvifolia Ispot Southern Africa
Ulmus parvifolia JSTOR Plant Science
Ulmus parvifolia Kew Herbarium catalogue
Ulmus parvifolia Tropicos
Ulmus parvifolia West African Plants database
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ulmus parvifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164940, retrieved 24 July 2016
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