Much-branched annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, widely cultivated for its edible fruits. Leaves ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2.5-10 cm long, dark green, thinly textured to somewhat leathery, hairless except for scattered hairs in the axils of veins below; margin more or less entire, wavy. Flowers mostly solitary, white to greenish or bluish-white, drooping. Fruit very variable in shape, size, colour and taste.
Note: two cultivars are grown in Zimbabwe. The narrow-fruited "hot-chillies" are used for flavouring, both fresh and dried. The large well-known, green, yellow or red, "sweet-peppers" (see photos) is eaten fresh or cooked. Both varieties are known as very occasional escapes from cultivation.
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.(2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Capsicum annuum var. annuum. http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=165480, retrieved 5 December 2016