Raphionacme lanceolata Schinz

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Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Layby on Masvingo - Zvishavane road c. 39 km East of Zvishavane

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Layby on Masvingo - Zvishavane road c. 39 km East of Zvishavane

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Layby on Masvingo - Zvishavane road c. 39 km East of Zvishavane

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo Pools, near camp, Umfurudzi Safari Area.

Raphionacme lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo Pools, near camp, Umfurudzi Safari Area.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Raphionacme lanceolata Schinz var. latifolia N.E. Br.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, up to 60 cm high, growing from a sub-spherical tuber, up to 35 cm in diameter. Stems up to 50 cm long, rarely longer, spreading horizontally, rarely erect, more or less densely velvety. Leaves opposite, mostly narrowly ovate-elliptic, ovate or obovate, 3-9 cm long, more or less densely velvety on both surfaces, sometimes dotted with reddish glands; petiole 2-10 mm long. Flowers in axillary, up to 15-flowered heads, more or less densely velvety. Corolla lobes spreading, oblong-ovate, c. 5 × 2 mm, mostly green, sometimes mauve, bluish or greenish-brown with mauve tips. Corona green to brownish or purplish-green; lobes simple, 4-8 mm long, with a deeply bifid apex. Fruit a single follicle, rarely paired, erect, narrowly ovoid, 5.5-11.5 cm long, tapering, finely velvety.
Notes: The specimens in the photographs apparently represent the first records from the Northern and Southern Divisions.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In sandy, gravelly or rocky soils in grassy clearings in open woodland, often with Acacia or mopane.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 19 November 2015
Literature:

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 198.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 318 - 320.


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Other sources of information about Raphionacme lanceolata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Raphionacme lanceolata
Flora of Caprivi: Raphionacme lanceolata
Flora of Zambia: Raphionacme lanceolata

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Raphionacme lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme lanceolata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphionacme lanceolata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphionacme lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Raphionacme lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme lanceolata
Ispot Southern Africa : Raphionacme lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme lanceolata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphionacme lanceolata
Tropicos: Raphionacme lanceolata
West African Plants database: Raphionacme lanceolata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme lanceolata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184370, retrieved 6 December 2016

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