Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Dipsacales

Valerianaceae - Valerian family

Cannon, J.F.M. (1983) Valerianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1)

Description of the family

Herbs, perennial (in ours). Leaves opposite or basal, pinnately divided. Inflorescence a many-flowered compound cyme. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, usually 5-merous, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Calyx minute, but may develop in fruit to form a pappus. Corolla tubular or funnel-shaped, usually 5-lobed. Ovary inferior. Fruit an achene.

Worldwide: 10 genera and 300 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially in north temperate zones and the Andes.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated genus and 1 cultivated taxon.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Centranthus Lam. & DC.

Other sources of information about Valerianaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Valerianaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Valerianaceae
Flora of Zambia: Valerianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Valerianaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Valerianaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Valerianaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Valerianaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Valerianaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Valerianaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Valerianaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Valerianaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Valerianaceae
Wikipedia: Valerianaceae
Plants of the World Online: Valerianaceae
Tropicos: Valerianaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Valerianaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=229, retrieved 20 July 2024

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