Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Dipsacales

Dipsacaceae - Scabious family

Cannon, M.J. & J.F.M. (1983) Dipsacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1)

Description of the family

Herbs. Leaves opposite, without stipules, entire to pinnatifid, often variable on the same plant. Inflorescence usually capitate on a long peduncle, each head surrounded by involucral bracts. Receptacular scales present (in ours). Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, epigynous, each subtended at its base by an epicalyx (involucel) of united bracteoles. Calyx cup-shaped, sometimes with long spreading bristles. Corolla 4-5-lobed. Stamens exserted, 4 (in ours), anthers free. Ovary inferior, with 1 ovule. Fruit an achene enclosed in the involucel.

Comment: The arrangement of many flowers in a head surrounded by bracts resembles the Asteraceae in many ways, but the Dipsacaceae can be distinguished by the exserted stamens with free anthers and by the fruit enclosed in an involucel.

Worldwide: 11 genera and 290 species, Eurasia and Africa and especially in the Mediterranean region.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated genus and 0 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Scabiosa L.Description

Other sources of information about Dipsacaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dipsacaceae
Flora of Malawi: Dipsacaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Dipsacaceae
Flora of Zambia: Dipsacaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dipsacaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dipsacaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dipsacaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dipsacaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dipsacaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dipsacaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dipsacaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Dipsacaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dipsacaceae
Wikipedia: Dipsacaceae
Plants of the World Online: Dipsacaceae
Tropicos: Dipsacaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Dipsacaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=74, retrieved 26 May 2024

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