8486.000 Galium L. - Bedstraws

Puff, C. in Verdcourt, B. (1988) Galium Flora Zambesiaca 5(1)

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, erect, creeping or climbing. Stems often 4-angled, sometimes prickly. Stipules similar to the leaves. Leaves (and leaf-like stipules) in whorls of 4-10, ± sessile. Flowers in axillary or terminal cymes, bisexual, rarely unisexual, usually 4-merous, not enclosed in an involucre. Calyx reduced to a rim; teeth 0. Corolla rotate to ± campanulate, greenish, creamy-white to bright yellow. Ovary 2-locular with 1 ovule per loculus. Fruit dry, glabrous or variously hairy, consisting of two 1-seeded mericarps.

Derivation of name: Milk (the leaves of Galium verum were used to curdle milk in cheesemaking)

Worldwide: 300 species, cosmopolitan

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

Insects associated with this genus:
Hippotion celerio (Silver-striped hawk, Vine hawk) Food plant
Macroglossum trochilus (African hummingbird) Larval foodplant
No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

verum L.

Other sources of information about Galium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Galium
Flora of Malawi: Galium
Flora of Mozambique: Galium
Flora of Zambia: Galium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Galium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Galium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Galium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Galium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Galium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Galium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Galium
JSTOR Plant Science: Galium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Galium
Plants of the World Online: Galium
Tropicos: Galium
Wikipedia: Galium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Galium.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1425, retrieved 25 June 2024

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