21.000 Araucaria Juss. - Monkey puzzles

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Trees, branches whorled or almost so, winter buds small. Leaves spirally arranged, lamina needle-like to broadly ovate, variable even on the same tree. Pollen cones tassel-like, axillary or terminal on branchlets; microsporophylls densely arranged. Seed cones near the top of the crown, erect, ovulate scales ligulate; bracts of mature cones large, woody distal part thickened, distal margin ridged. Seeds connate with bracts.

Derivation of name: for the Arauco district of Chile, in which species of the genus grow naturally.

Worldwide: 19 species in Papua New Guinea, Australia to South America.

Zimbabwe: 5 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

angustifolia (Bertol.) KuntzeDescription, Image
bidwillii Hook.Image
columnaris (G. Forst.) Hook.
cunninghamii Mudie
heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Other sources of information about Araucaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Araucaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Araucaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Araucaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Araucaria
Wikipedia: Araucaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Araucaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Araucaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Araucaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1668, retrieved 20 March 2023

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