4483.000 Sapium P. Browne

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996) Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4)

Description of the genus

Usually monoecious, glabrous trees, shrubs, subshrubs or rarely perennial herbs, often with a milky latex. Leaves alternate or subopposite, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or dentate, penninerved, usually with glands at the base and/or on the margins. Inflorescences usually terminal or leaf-opposed, spicate or racemiform, solitary; male bracts 1–many-flowered, usually 2-glandular at the base; bracteoles minute. Male flowers pedicels jointed or absent; calyx ± open in bud, 2–3(4)-lobed; petals absent; disk absent. Female flowers pedicels usually long; sepals 2–3(4), free or united, imbricate or open; petals absent; ovary (2)3(4)-locular, ornamented or not, with 1 ovule per locule. Fruit (2)3(4)-lobed, dehiscent, exocarp smooth or horned, separating or not from the woody or crustaceous endocarp. Seeds sarcotesta thin or fleshy, endotesta crustaceous, cotyledons broad, flat.

Worldwide: 125 species, pantropical.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

sebiferum (L.) Roxb.

Other sources of information about Sapium:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Sapium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sapium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sapium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sapium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sapium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sapium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sapium
JSTOR Plant Science: Sapium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sapium
Plants of the World Online: Sapium
Tropicos: Sapium
Wikipedia: Sapium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Sapium.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1759, retrieved 24 February 2024

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