1264.000 Iris L. - Irises

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs with rhizomes, sometimes with swollen storage roots. Leaves mostly basal 2-ranked, often orientated edgeways to the aerial stem; lamina lanceolate. Inflorescence of rhipidia arranged as racemes, panicles or solitary. Flowers relatively large, often fragrant, white, yellow, blue or violet; perianth tube often trumpet-shaped, outer 3 segments usually ornamental with a crested claw and an expanded, usually reflexed limb. Fruit a capsule, globose, ellipsoid or cylindric; apex may be beaked. Seeds pyriform, flattened.

Worldwide: 260 species in the temperate northern hemisphere to the Philippines.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

pseudacorus L.Image

Other sources of information about Iris:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Iris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Iris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Iris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Iris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Iris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Iris
JSTOR Plant Science: Iris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Iris
Plants of the World Online: Iris
Tropicos: Iris
Wikipedia: Iris

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Iris.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1774, retrieved 5 March 2024

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