7296.000 Monarda L.

Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. (1963) Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada D. van Nostrand Co, Inc. Princetown New Jersey.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, erect to 90 cm. Leaves opposite, serrate, lanceolate, aromatic. Flowers tubular, bilaterally symmetric, aggregated into head-like clusters terminating the branches or borne in the upper axils subtended by foliaceous bracts; calyx tubular, lobes shorter than the tube; corolla strongly bilabiate, upper lip narrow, straight or curved, lower lib broader, spreading or deflexed, 3-lobed with a central projecting tooth.

Worldwide: About 20 species, endemic to North America.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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didyma L.

Other sources of information about Monarda:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monarda
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monarda
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monarda
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monarda
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monarda
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monarda
JSTOR Plant Science: Monarda
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monarda
Plants of the World Online: Monarda
Tropicos: Monarda
Wikipedia: Monarda

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Monarda.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1784, retrieved 29 November 2023

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