G.409. Cynodon Rich.

Description of the genus

Perennials, usually rhizomatous and/or stoloniferous and sward-forming. Inflorescence of digitate 1-sided racemes, sometimes borne in 2 or more closely-spaced whorls. Spikelets borne on a flat or semi-terete (crescent-shaped in section) rhachis. Spikelets 1-flowered, with or without a rhachilla-extension, sessile, laterally flattened, alternate in 2 rows, tardily disarticulating above the glumes. Glumes subequal, membranous, 1-nerved, shorter than the floret. Lemma membranous, keeled, acute or emarginate, awnless.

Worldwide: 8 species in tropical and warm temperate regions

Zimbabwe: 7 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

aethiopicus Clayton & HarlanDescription
dactylon (L.) Pers.Description, Image
incompletus NeesDescription
nlemfuensis Vanderyst var. nlemfuensis Description
nlemfuensis Vanderyst var. robustus Clayton & HarlanDescription
plectostachyus (K. Schum.) Pilg.Description
transvaalensis Burtt DavyDescription

Other sources of information about Cynodon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cynodon
Flora of Caprivi: Cynodon
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cynodon
Flora of Malawi: Cynodon
Flora of Mozambique: Cynodon
Flora of Zambia: Cynodon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynodon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynodon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynodon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynodon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynodon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cynodon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynodon
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynodon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynodon
Plants of the World Online: Cynodon
Tropicos: Cynodon
Wikipedia: Cynodon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Cynodon.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=182, retrieved 5 March 2024

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