G.503. Setaria P. Beauv. - Bristle grasses

CYMBOSETARIA Schweick.

Clayton, W.D. (1989) Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3)

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves flat or folded, sometimes plicate. Ligule usually a ciliate rim. Inflorescence usually a panicle, either open or dense and spike-like; the spikelets subtended by 1 or more bristles which persist on the axis after the spikelets fall. Spikelets oblong to ovate, ± plano-convex, awnless; glumes unequal, the lower generally much smaller, ovate from a clasping base; lower floret male or barren, as long as the spikelet, herbaceous; upper lemma crustaceous, strongly convex on the back, often rugose.

Derivation of name: from the Latin, seta, a bristle, referring to the persistent bristles subtending the spikelets

Worldwide: c.150 species in tropical and warm zones

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Gnophodes betsimena (Yellow-banded evening brown) Larval foodplant
No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
italica (L.) P. Beauv.Description
megaphylla (Steud.) T. Durand & SchinzDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Setaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria
Flora of Caprivi: Setaria
Flora of Malawi: Setaria
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Setaria
Flora of Zambia: Setaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Setaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Setaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=202, retrieved 20 March 2019

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