7414.000 Solandra Sw.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Scandent shrubs, high climbing hemi-epiphytes or large stemmed lianes, unarmed. Stems mostly glabrous, stout with no apparent pith, sometimes with flaking bark, often with aerial roots; twigs stout with a large pith. Leaves alternate, lamina simple, margins entire, membranous, coriaceous or somewhat succulent. Inflorescence with flowers solitary or few-flowered clusters, terminal at ends of twigs or on short shoots; pedicels stout; calyx mostly tubular, angled and sometimes inflated, deeply splitting in flower into 2-5 irregular lobes; corolla imbricate, often very large, fleshy, mostly glabrous, campanulate, often slightly zygomorphic, lobes entire to fimbriate and often recurved. Fruit a berry, leathery, loosely enclosed by the ruptured calyx. Seeds many, reniform.

Derivation of name: after Daniel Charles Solander (1733-1782), a Swedish botanist.

Worldwide: 10 species in tropical America.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

maxima (Sessé & Moc.) P.S. GreenDescription

Other sources of information about Solandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Solandra
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Solandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Solandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Solandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solandra
Plants of the World Online: Solandra
Tropicos: Solandra
Wikipedia: Solandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Solandra.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=2088, retrieved 23 July 2024

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