G.568. Saccharum L.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Grasses, usually large, perennial, rhizomatous or tufted. Culms robust to 7 m. tall. Leaves cauline; lamina narrowly to broadly linear, midrib usually broad, white; ligule membranous, margin ciliolate. Inflorescence terminal, a large plumose panicle with elongate central axis, its branches bearing numerous hairy racemes; racemes fragile, sessile. Spikelets usually small, lanceolate, dorsally compressed or pedicelled spikelet more rounded on back; callus short, bearded; lower glume membranous, thinly cartilaginous or becoming leathery below.

Worldwide: 35-40 species in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide, mainly in Asia.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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officinarum L.

Other sources of information about Saccharum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Saccharum
Flora of Zambia: Saccharum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Saccharum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Saccharum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Saccharum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Saccharum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Saccharum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Saccharum
JSTOR Plant Science: Saccharum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Saccharum
Plants of the World Online: Saccharum
Tropicos: Saccharum
Wikipedia: Saccharum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Saccharum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=2132, retrieved 22 February 2024

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