2490.000 Silene L. - Catchflies

Description of the genus

Herbs or shrublets. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite. Sepals united to form a tubular or dilated calyx which is 5-toothed with 10 principal veins. Flowers unisexual or bisexual. Petals 5, with a long narrow claw and a dilated, 2-fid or simple lamina, often with scales at the base of the lamina. Stamens 10. Styles 3 (in ours). Capsule many-seeded, opening from the apex by 3 or 6 teeth or valves. Seeds numerous.

Derivation of name: From the Greek word, saliva, referring to the stickiness of the stems and calyx in some species

Worldwide: c.700 species, northern hemisphere, especially the Balkan Peninsula and SW Asia.

Zimbabwe: 3 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

armeria L.
coronaria (L.) Clairv.
gallica L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Silene:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Silene
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Silene
Flora of Malawi: Silene
Flora of Mozambique: Silene
Flora of Zambia: Silene
Flora of Zimbabwe: Silene

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Silene
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Silene
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Silene
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Silene
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Silene
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Silene
JSTOR Plant Science: Silene
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Silene
Plants of the World Online: Silene
Tropicos: Silene
Wikipedia: Silene

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Silene.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=573, retrieved 21 June 2024

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