3528.000 Bauhinia L. - Orchid trees

Schmidt, E.J.D. (2012) A new species of Bauhinia from southern Mozambique and the reinstatement of Bauhinia macrantha Bothalia 42(1) 44-47

Description of the genus

Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling or climbing. Tendrils 0, but branches sometimes coiling in a tendril-like manner. Leaves alternate, simple, conspicuously 2-lobed. Flowers usually large and showy, bisexual, in short racemes or solitary. Calyx spathaceous. Petals 5, free. Fertile stamens 1-10, sometimes accompanied by staminodes. Stigma capitate or small. Pods oblong-linear, woody, dehiscent. Seeds flat.

Derivation of name: Named, because of the 2-lobed leaves, after two Swiss botanists, Jean and Caspar Bauhin.

Worldwide: 300 species, pantropical.

Zimbabwe: 12 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Achaea catella (Banded achaea) Larval food plant
Micraphe lateritia (Rosy slug) Larval foodplant
Rhodesia viridalbata (Frosted emerald) Food plant
Bauhinia variegata var. candida

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
acuminata L.
bowkeri Harv.
galpinii N.E.Br.Description, Image
grandidieri Baill.Image
monandra Kurz
natalensis Oliv.
petersiana BolleDescription, Image
purpurea L.
tomentosa L.Description, Image
variegata L. var. candida VoigtDescription, Image
variegata L. var. variegata Description, Image
× blakeana DunnImage

Other sources of information about Bauhinia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bauhinia
Flora of Caprivi: Bauhinia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Bauhinia
Flora of Malawi: Bauhinia
Flora of Mozambique: Bauhinia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bauhinia
Flora of Zambia: Bauhinia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Bauhinia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bauhinia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bauhinia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bauhinia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bauhinia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bauhinia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bauhinia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bauhinia
JSTOR Plant Science: Bauhinia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bauhinia
Plants of the World Online: Bauhinia
Tropicos: Bauhinia
Wikipedia: Bauhinia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Bauhinia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=689, retrieved 18 May 2024

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