Brachiaria brizantha (A. Rich.) Stapf

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Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: David Hartung
Monavale Vlei

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

Brachiaria brizantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brachiaria brizantha var. angustifolia Stent & Rattray
Panicum brizanthum A. Rich.
Common names: Common signal grass (English) Large-seeded millet grass (English) Zinyaruzoka (Shona)
Description: Tufted perennial. Culms 30–200 cm. high, erect or sometimes geniculately ascending. Leaf laminae 3–20 mm. wide, flat. Inflorescence of (1)2–16 racemes, these mostly 4–20 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly and usually in 1 row; rhachis crescentic in section, c. 1 mm. wide with narrow involute wings, ciliate on the margins. Spikelets 4–6 mm. long, glabrous or sometimes sparsely pubescent, obtuse to subacute with a slight stipe at base. Inferior glume 1/3 length of spikelet, acute or obtuse, separated from the superior by a short internode; superior glume and inferior lemma cartilaginous, dully shining. Superior lemma granulose, subacute.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Southern Africa. Introduced elsewhere.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Wednesday 3 January 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 341. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 11.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 70.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 131.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 124.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 31.

Klaassen Esmerialda, E.S. & Craven P. (2003). Checklist of grasses in Namibia SABONET Report No. 20 Page 16.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 127.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 247. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Brachiaria brizantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria brizantha
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria brizantha
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria brizantha
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria brizantha
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria brizantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria brizantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria brizantha
African Plant Database: Brachiaria brizantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria brizantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria brizantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria brizantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria brizantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria brizantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachiaria brizantha
iNaturalist: Brachiaria brizantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria brizantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria brizantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria brizantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria brizantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria brizantha
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria brizantha
Tropicos: Brachiaria brizantha
Wikipedia: Brachiaria brizantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Brachiaria brizantha.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=106800, retrieved 25 October 2020

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