Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf.

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Delonix regia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Delonix regia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Delonix regia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Delonix regia

Photo: Mark Hyde
Harry Pichanick Drive, Alexandra Park, Harare

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Synonyms: Poinciana regia Hook.
Common names: Flamboyant (English) Royal poinciana (English)
Description: Tree, ± flat-topped, often multi-trunked and branching near the base. Leaves alternate, c. 40 × 20 cm with c.15 pairs of opposite pinnae, each pinna bearing 25-30 pairs of opposite leaflets. Petiole and rhachis channelled above. Leaflets 8 × 3 mm, oblong, minutely pubescent. Sepals 3 × 0.7 cm, narrowly elliptic, green on the back, scarlet on the adaxial side, acute. Petals 5; lower four petals long-clawed; lamina 5 cm, elliptic, scarlet; upper petal longer, yellow. Pods 35 - 80 cm, pendulous.
Notes: This species provides a spectacular scarlet display in November and December.

A yellow-flowered form was viewed (with Lyn Mullin who told us about it) in November 2001 in the grounds of Parirenyatwa hospital. However, it appears to be merely a colour form of the normal scarlet species.

This species never appears to become naturalised.
Derivation of specific name: regia: splendid, royal
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Native of Madagascar; very commonly planted in Zimbabwe as a street tree.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Friday 13 April 2007

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 203 - 204.

Other sources of information about Delonix regia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: cultivated Delonix regia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Delonix regia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Delonix regia
African Plant Database: Delonix regia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Delonix regia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Delonix regia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Delonix regia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Delonix regia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Delonix regia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Delonix regia
iNaturalist: Delonix regia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Delonix regia
JSTOR Plant Science: Delonix regia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Delonix regia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Delonix regia
Plants of the World Online: Delonix regia
Tropicos: Delonix regia
Wikipedia: Delonix regia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Delonix regia., retrieved 25 May 2022

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