Caesalpinia ferrea Tul.

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Caesalpinia ferrea

Photo: Mark Hyde

Caesalpinia ferrea

Photo: Mark Hyde

Caesalpinia ferrea

Photo: Mark Hyde

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Common names: Brazilian ironwood (English) Leopard tree (English)
Description: Unarmed tree, to 15 m. Bark very distinctive, smooth, grey, pealing to reveal paler patches. Leaves 2-pinnate; pinnae in 3-4 pairs, each with 4-8 pairs of oblong, asymmetric leaflets. Inflorescence composed of short racemes arranged in dense terminal panicles. Flowers 4-merous. Fruit up to 7.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, thick.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: E Brazil
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
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Image last updated: Sunday 24 August 2008

Bailey, L.H. & Bailey, E.Z. (1976). Hortus Third. A concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada Macmillan Publishing Co, Inc., New York Page 196.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 213.

Other sources of information about Caesalpinia ferrea:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: cultivated Caesalpinia ferrea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Caesalpinia ferrea
African Plant Database: Caesalpinia ferrea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Caesalpinia ferrea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Caesalpinia ferrea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Caesalpinia ferrea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Caesalpinia ferrea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Caesalpinia ferrea
JSTOR Plant Science: Caesalpinia ferrea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Caesalpinia ferrea
Plants of the World Online: Caesalpinia ferrea
Tropicos: Caesalpinia ferrea
Wikipedia: Caesalpinia ferrea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Caesalpinia ferrea., retrieved 8 December 2023

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