Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

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Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

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Synonyms: Partitium tiliaceum (L.) St.-Hil.
Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell
Common names: Lagoon hibiscus (English) Wild cotton tree (English)
Description: Shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall. Leaves suborbicular, 3-15 cm in diameter, 5-9-veined from a deeply cordate base, stellate hairy on both surfaces when young but becoming hairless above when mature, veining prominent beneath with longitudinal pore-like slits near the base; margin entire or minutely toothed; petiole up to 12 cm long, often stellate hairy. Stipules ovate-cordate, up to 30 mm long, leaving a distinct scar after falling. Flowers up to 8 cm in diameter, yellow with a dark centre, fading to orange, born in the axils of ovate bracts, appearing terminal after the bracts have fallen. Epicalyx cup-shaped with 10 short teeth. Calyx with lanceolate lobes up to 3 cm long, joined nearly to the middle. Petals obovate, twisted, 6-7 cm long. Capsule subglobose, 2-2.5cm in diameter, pointed, hairy.
Derivation of specific name: tiliaceus: resembling a lime tree, Tilia species, probably referring to the leaves.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread along tropical and subtropical seashores.
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub under 2 m.
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 564. As Hibiscus tiliaceus tiliaceus (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 703. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 84.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 425 - 437. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 228 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hibiscus tiliaceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus tiliaceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus tiliaceus
African Plant Database: Hibiscus tiliaceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus tiliaceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus tiliaceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus tiliaceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hibiscus tiliaceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus tiliaceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Tropicos: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Wikipedia: Hibiscus tiliaceus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Hibiscus tiliaceus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=167180, retrieved 28 February 2024

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