Quercus robur L.

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Quercus robur

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Common names:
Description: Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark greyish-brown, closely and vertically grooved. Leaves alternate, broadly oblong or ovate, up to 15 cm long, dark green above, paler beneath, usually hairless or with few hairs on the under surface, cordate at the base and 3-6 rounded lobes along the sides, divided no further than half way to the midrib; petiole short, usually less than 5 mm long. Flowers unisexual, wind-pollinated. Male flowers in narrow catkins, 2-4 cm long, arranged in clusters; female flowers small, brown with dark red stigmas, about 2 mm in diameter, at the tips of new shoots on peduncles 2-5 cm long. Fruits (acorns) borne in clusters of 2-3 on a long peduncle 4-8 cm long. Each acorn 1.5-4 cm long, ovoid with a pointed tip, whitish-green, becoming brown, then black, subtended by a shallow cup.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native throughout Europe to Turkey and the Ural Mts; introduced and naturalized in parts of North America, New Zealand and Southern Africa.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species: Holocerina smilax (Larval food plant)
Gynanisa maja (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 221.

Other sources of information about Quercus robur:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: cultivated Quercus robur
Flora of Zimbabwe: Quercus robur

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Quercus robur
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Quercus robur
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Quercus robur
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Quercus robur
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Quercus robur
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Quercus robur
JSTOR Plant Science: Quercus robur
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Quercus robur
Plants of the World Online: Quercus robur
Tropicos: Quercus robur
Wikipedia: Quercus robur

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Quercus robur.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=185030, retrieved 26 May 2024

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