Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.

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Synonyms: Cedrela mahagoni L.
Common names: Cuban mahogany (English) Spanish mahogany (English) West Indian mahogany (English)
Description: Evergreen tree to 25 m. Leaves alternate, 1-pinnate, paripinnate with 4-8 pairs of entire leaflets. Leaflets 8-10 × 3-5 cm, glossy; apex acuminate with an acute tip; base rounded, asymmetric. Inflorescences 8-15 cm long. Flowers with pale greenish-cream petals. Fruit a dark brown to black, ovoid capsule. Seeds winged.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, known only from the Commercial Section of the National Botanic Gardens. The identity of the tree there is in some doubt as it to some extent resembles Swietenia macrophylla, a very similar species.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical America and the West Indies
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
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Glen, H.F. (2002). Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa. Page 217.

Glen, H.F. & Van Wyk, B. (2016). Guide to Trees Introduced into Southern Africa Struik Nature Pages 368 - 369. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Swietenia mahagoni:

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Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Swietenia mahagoni

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Swietenia mahagoni
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Swietenia mahagoni
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Swietenia mahagoni
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Swietenia mahagoni
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Swietenia mahagoni
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Swietenia mahagoni
JSTOR Plant Science: Swietenia mahagoni
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Swietenia mahagoni
Plants of the World Online: Swietenia mahagoni
Tropicos: Swietenia mahagoni
Wikipedia: Swietenia mahagoni

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Swietenia mahagoni.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=227480, retrieved 30 May 2024

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