Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Pedaliaceae - Sesame family

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988) Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3)

Description of the family

Spiny shrub or small tree (Sesamothamnus) or, more usually, annual or perennial herbs. Leaves opposite or subopposite (upper sometimes alternate) or fasciculate in the axils of spines (Sesamothamnus). Stipules 0. Flowers usually solitary in axils, bisexual, zygomorphic. Pedicels generally with nectar glands (extra-floral nectaries) originating from reduced flowers at the base, these appearing as shiny ± raised circular bodies. Calyx 5-partite. Corolla ± 2-lipped, 5-lobed, joined into a tube. Stamens 4, sometimes with an additional staminode. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular. Fruit often with horns, spines or wings.

Worldwide: 17 genera and 85 species in tropical and warm areas.

Zimbabwe: 7 genera and 16 taxa.

Ceratotheca triloba

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Ceratotheca Endl.Description, Image
Dicerocaryum BojerDescription, Image
Harpagophytum DC. ex Meisn.Description, Image
Holubia Oliv.Description, Image
Pterodiscus Hook.Description, Image
Sesamothamnus Welw.Description, Image
Sesamum L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Pedaliaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pedaliaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Pedaliaceae
Flora of Malawi: Pedaliaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Pedaliaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Pedaliaceae
Flora of Zambia: Pedaliaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Pedaliaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Pedaliaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pedaliaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pedaliaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pedaliaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pedaliaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pedaliaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pedaliaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Pedaliaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pedaliaceae
Wikipedia: Pedaliaceae
Plants of the World Online: Pedaliaceae
Tropicos: Pedaliaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Pedaliaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=168, retrieved 9 December 2023

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