Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Poales

Restionaceae - Cape reed family

Leistner, O.A. (ed.) (2000) Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera Strelitzia 10

Description of the family

Perennial, usually dioecious, rush- or sedge-like herbs. Rootstock tufted or rhizomatous, bearing dense scaly sheaths. Culms usually bearing a convolute leaf sheath; ligule usually 0. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle, often different in male and female plants. Spikelets subtended by a sheath. Flowers usually unisexual. Perianth of 6 segments in 2 whorls. Male flowers: stamens 3; anthers 1-thecous. Female flowers: staminodes 0-3; ovary superior, 1-3-locular with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 1-3. Fruit a capsule or nutlet.

Comment: The Checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants (Timberlake and Mapaura, 2004) gives two species for this family in Zimbabwe, namely Restio quadratus Mast. and Restio quartziticola H.P. Linder. However, in the more recent account of the family (H.P. Linder in FZ 13(4), 2010) only Restio quartziticola (now renamed Platycaulos quartziticola) is mentioned as occurring in the Flora Zambesiaca area. Restio quadratus is a good species but is an endemic of the Western Cape. For this flora we have followed H.P. Linder's 2010 treatment and recognised only one species.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 420 species, mainly southern hemisphere and especially Australia and South Africa but with one species in Vietnam.

Zimbabwe: 1 genus and 1 taxon.

Platycaulos quartziticola

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Platycaulos H.P. LinderDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Restionaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Restionaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Restionaceae
Flora of Zambia: Restionaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Restionaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Restionaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Restionaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Restionaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Restionaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Restionaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Restionaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Restionaceae
Wikipedia: Restionaceae
Plants of the World Online: Restionaceae
Tropicos: Restionaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Restionaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=194, retrieved 5 December 2023

Site software last modified: 12 October 2020 3:25pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use