Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Urticaceae - Nettle family


Berg, C.C. (1991) Cecropiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Friis, I. (1991) Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Stipules usually present. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually strongly 3-veined from the base. Cystoliths generally present. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Flowers minute, unisexual, with 1 whorl of tepals. Ovary superior with 1 erect basal ovule.

Comment: In addition to the stinging nettles in this family, species of Tragia in Euphorbiaceae have stinging hairs and sometimes nettle-like leaves.

Worldwide: 44 genera and 1,230 species, tropical, with a few temperate.

Zimbabwe: 12 genera and 21 taxa.

Boehmeria macrophylla

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Boehmeria Jacq.Description, Image
Droguetia Gaudich.Description, Image
Elatostema J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.Description, Image
Girardinia Gaudich.Description, Image
Laportea Gaudich.Description, Image
Myrianthus P. Beauv.Description, Image
Obetia Gaudich.Description, Image
Pilea Lindl.Description, Image
Pouzolzia Gaudich.Description, Image
Procris Comm. ex Juss.Description, Image
Urera Gaudich.Description, Image
Urtica L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Urticaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Urticaceae
Flora of Malawi: Urticaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Urticaceae
Flora of Zambia: Urticaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Urticaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Urticaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Urticaceae
Wikipedia: Urticaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Urticaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=227, retrieved 9 February 2023

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