Spermatophyta: Gymnospermae: Cycadales

Zamiaceae - Cycad family


Dyer, R.A. & Verdoorn, I.C. (1966) Zamiaceae Flora of Southern Africa 1

Dyer, R.A. & Verdoorn, I.C. (1969) Encephalartos manikensis and its near allies Kirkia 7(1)

Goode, D. (1989) Cycads of Africa Struik, Cape Town

Lewis, J. (1960) Cycadaceae (including Zamiaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 1(1)

Description of the family

Dioecious trees or shrubs. Trunk tall or very short, bearing spirally arranged leaf-bases and scale leaves. Leaves spirally arranged, pinnate; leaflets with longitudinal parallel veins and no midrib. Male cones consisting of leathery scales with numerous pollen-sacs on their abaxial surface. Female cones composed of thick and often woody, peltate scales bearing 2 (or more) ovules on their adaxial surface. Seeds angled, with a fleshy outer layer enclosing a hard inner shell.

Worldwide: 8 genera and 125 species, tropical and warm Africa, Australia and America.

Zimbabwe: 1 genus and 3 taxa.

Encephalartos concinnus

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Encephalartos Lehm.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Zamiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Zamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Zamiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Zamiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Zamiaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zamiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Zamiaceae
Wikipedia: Zamiaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Zamiaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=238, retrieved 2 April 2023

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