Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Phrymaceae - Lopseed family

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Description of the family

Perennial or annual herbs (in ours), rarely aquatic; stems often 4-angled. Leaves simple, opposite or alternate; margins entire or toothed; sometimes gland-dotted; venation pinnate to palmate. Inflorescence of solitary, axillary flowers (in ours), cymes, spikes or racemes. Flowers bisexual; usually zygomorphic. Sepals fused, persistent. Petals fused, tubular, 2-lipped, usually 2 upper and 3 lower or 5 equal. Ovary superior; carpels fused. Stigmas often sensitive, closing on contact with a pollinator. Fruit a loculicidal capsule (in ours), rarely septicidal, or an achene or rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 16 genera and c. 220 species in the New World, Africa, Asia and Australasia.

Zimbabwe: 1 genus and 1 taxon.

Mimulus gracilis

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Mimulus L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Phrymaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phrymaceae
Flora of Malawi: Phrymaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Phrymaceae
Flora of Zambia: Phrymaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phrymaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phrymaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Phrymaceae
Wikipedia: Phrymaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Phrymaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=292, retrieved 9 February 2023

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