Lindsaea odorata Roxb.

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Lindsaea odorata

Photo: Petra Ballings

Lindsaea odorata

Photo: Petra Ballings

Lindsaea odorata

Photo: Petra Ballings

Lindsaea odorata

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Lindsaea cultrata sensu Cordem.
Lindsaea cultrata auct., non (Willd.) Sw.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, thin, 1-2 mm in diameter; rhizome scales lanceolate, shiny brown, with long drawn out point, up to 2 mm long. Fronds spaced 2-9 mm apart, erect, herbaceous, glabrous. Stipe dark brown, shiny, up to 5 cm long, grooved, glabrous except for some scales near the base. Lamina narrowly lanceolate-elliptic in outline, up to 20 × 3 cm, pinnate, lower pinnae reduced. Pinnae rhombic, petiolate, lower margin entire, upper margin lobed. Rhachis brown, grooved above, glabrous. Sori (sub)marginal, oblong, on pinna lobes; indusia oblong, opening outwards, covering the entire sorus up to the edge of the lobes.
Notes: May be confused with Adiantum incisum which has proliferous fronds, minute hairs on the pinnae, an erect rhizome. Adiantum incisum does not smell of almonds.
Derivation of specific name: odorata: odorous, fragrant; the fresh fronds have a strong almond smell when crushed.
Habitat: Riverine forest, moss-covered boulders in or along mountain streams and rivers, in areas where it is periodically submerged during floods in summer, exposed or lightly shaded.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1250 m
Worldwide distribution: paleotropic distribution, mainly in tropical Azia, also Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 182. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 295 - 296. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 95.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 143.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 139 - 141.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Lindsaea odorata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Lindsaea odorata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lindsaea odorata
African Plant Database: Lindsaea odorata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lindsaea odorata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lindsaea odorata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lindsaea odorata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lindsaea odorata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lindsaea odorata
JSTOR Plant Science: Lindsaea odorata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lindsaea odorata
Plants of the World Online: Lindsaea odorata
Tropicos: Lindsaea odorata
Wikipedia: Lindsaea odorata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lindsaea odorata., retrieved 19 July 2024

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