Huperzia gnidioides (L.f.) Trevis.

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Huperzia gnidioides

Photo: Petra Ballings

Huperzia gnidioides

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Lycopodium gnidioides L.f.
Plananthus gnidioides (L.f.) P.Beauv.
Urostachys gnidioides (L.f.) Herter ex Nessel
Common names:
Status: Native
Stems pendulous or erect, four or five times divided, up to 50 cm long. Foliage leaves 14 × 2 mm, strongly overlapping, oblong-lanceolate, coriaceous, acute to sharply obtuse, light to dark green, shiny. Sporophylls distinctly smaller than foliage leaves, c. 3 × 1.5 mm, ovate, attenuate. Sporangia kidney-shaped, flattened, hardly covered by the sporophylls.
Notes: H. gnidioides can be distinguished from H. dacrydioides by having a broad and short fertile portion with sporophylls that are shorter than the foliage leaves; sterile leaves are tightly overlapping.
Derivation of specific name: gnidioides: like Gnidia, a genus in the Thymelaeaceae family which sometimes has similar leaves.
Habitat: On boulders in montane grassland, shaded rocks near streams and as a high level epiphyte in forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2280 m
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Eswatini, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. Also Madagascar, Comoro and Mascarene Islands.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 21 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 14 - 16. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 34. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 34 - 35. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26. As Lycopodium gnidioides

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 135 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 19.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 13.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 18.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 79.

Other sources of information about Huperzia gnidioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Huperzia gnidioides
Flora of Malawi: Huperzia gnidioides
Flora of Mozambique: Huperzia gnidioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Huperzia gnidioides
African Plant Database: Huperzia gnidioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Huperzia gnidioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Huperzia gnidioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Huperzia gnidioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Huperzia gnidioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Huperzia gnidioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Huperzia gnidioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Huperzia gnidioides
Plants of the World Online: Huperzia gnidioides
Tropicos: Huperzia gnidioides
Wikipedia: Huperzia gnidioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Huperzia gnidioides., retrieved 28 May 2024

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