Sticherus umbraculiferus (Kunze) Ching

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Sticherus umbraculiferus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nyanga NP

Sticherus umbraculiferus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nyanga NP

Sticherus umbraculiferus

Photo: Petra Ballings

Sticherus umbraculiferus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Circular drive, Nyanga N.P., Nyanga

Sticherus umbraculiferus

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gleichenia umbraculifera (Kunze) T.Moore
Mertensia umbraculifera Kunze
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, 5-8 mm in diameter, branched; scales small, light brown. Fronds spaced 2-10 cm apart. Stipe up to 1 m long, glabrous or with few pale brown scales. Lamina kidney-shaped in outline and repeatedly dichotomously branched, all branches covered with pale brown scales and bearing pinnules. Pinnule lobes oblong-linear,bluntly acute to attenuate, 10-30 × 1.8-2 mm, glabrous but with few scales on midrib below. Sori superficial, not sunken, scattered between the midrib and the margin of pinnule lobes below, often confined to the basal half of each lobe.
Notes: Differs from Gleichenia polypodioides by having superficial sori that are not sunken into the lamina and pinnules that are linear; differs from both Gleichenia polypodioides and Dicranopteris linearis by having pinnules that are set all along the lamina axes.
Derivation of specific name: umbraculum: umbrella; referring to the frond shape.
Habitat: Along roadsides or river margins, also in areas between forest and mountain grassland, boulder bases in grassland, in full sun or dappled shade.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 2270 m
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 December 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 52 - 54. As Gleichenia umbraculifera (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28. As Gleichenia umbraculifera

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 176 - 177. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 183 - 184. As Gleichenia umbraculifera (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6. As Gleichenia umbraculifera

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 39. As Gleichenia umbraculifera

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 50.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 50. As Gleichenia umbraculifera

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Sticherus umbraculiferus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Sticherus umbraculiferus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sticherus umbraculiferus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sticherus umbraculiferus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sticherus umbraculiferus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sticherus umbraculiferus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sticherus umbraculiferus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sticherus umbraculiferus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sticherus umbraculiferus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sticherus umbraculiferus
Plants of the World Online: Sticherus umbraculiferus
Tropicos: Sticherus umbraculiferus
Wikipedia: Sticherus umbraculiferus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sticherus umbraculiferus., retrieved 4 March 2024

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