Hymenophyllum capense Schrad.

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Hymenophyllum capense

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Hymenophyllum fumaroides sensu Sim
Hymenophyllum natalense Bosch
Hymenophyllum tabulare Bosch
Hymenophyllum zeyheri Bosch
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome very wiry and thin, creeping and branching freely. Fronds spaced apart, variable in form and size depending on humidity and protection given by the habitat. Stipe up to 7 cm long, glabrous. Lamina narrowly ovate to lanceolate in outline, 1.5-11 × 1-3 cm, 2- or 3-pinnatifid, glabrous. Pinnae up to 1 cm long, somewhat acroscopically developed and directed forward, ultimate lobes up to 15 per pinna, rounded, margin entire. Sori on acroscopic segments situated in the upper half of the frond, oval to obtriangular, 1 or 2 per pinna, soral valves entire.
Notes: Can be seperated from other species by having hairless fronds and entire lobe margins. Can be distinguished from H. kuhnii and H. mossambicense by having pinnae that are composed of less than 15 lobes.
Derivation of specific name: capense: of the Cape, this fern was first collected from the Cape of Good Hope
Habitat: Lithophyte on deeply shaded, wet rock faces in forest or epiphyte in high-altitude, evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1900 m
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. Also Seychelles, Comoro Islands, Mascarenes and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 84.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 193. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 41 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 43 - 44.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 79.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum capense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenophyllum capense
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenophyllum capense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenophyllum capense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenophyllum capense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum capense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenophyllum capense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hymenophyllum capense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum capense
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum capense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenophyllum capense
Plants of the World Online: Hymenophyllum capense
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum capense
Wikipedia: Hymenophyllum capense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenophyllum capense.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100440, retrieved 13 April 2024

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