Hymenophyllum splendidum (Bosch) Copel.

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Hymenophyllum splendidum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

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Synonyms: Hymenophyllum ciliatum Sw. var. splendidum (Bosch) C. Chr.
Sphaerocionium splendidum (Bosch) Copel.
Common names:
Rhizome wiry, widely creeping. Fronds pendulous, spaced apart (up to 3 cm). Stipe slender, up to 3.5 cm long, set with stellate, pale brown hairs, sometimes winged in the upper 1/4. Lamina long and narrow, narrowly lanceolate to linear in outline, up to 40 × 3.2 cm, 2-pinnatifid, membranous. Pinnae angled forward at c. 45 degrees, unequally dichotomously branched into c. 6-15 lobes, both surfaces with pale brown, stalked, stellate hairs along the axes and margins, venation simple. Rhachis winged, bearing stellate hairs. Sori terminal on the distal lobes of each pinna, pilose.
Derivation of specific name: splendidum: splendid, striking; alluding to the handsome appearance of this fern
Habitat: Mt. Inyangani, sheltered rock face in moist ravine in evergreen forest, east-facing slope.
Altitude range: (metres) 2040 m
Worldwide distribution: Central and East Africa, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1983). A check-list of the Pteridophytes of Zimbabwe. South African Journal of Botany 49(3) Page 100. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 31. as Sphaerocionium splendidum (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11. As Sphaerocionium splendidum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7. As sphaerocionium splendidum

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 44. As Sphaerocionium splendidum

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 46 - 47.

Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum splendidum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenophyllum splendidum
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenophyllum splendidum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenophyllum splendidum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenophyllum splendidum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenophyllum splendidum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum splendidum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenophyllum splendidum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenophyllum splendidum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenophyllum splendidum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenophyllum splendidum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum splendidum
Ispot Southern Africa: Hymenophyllum splendidum
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum splendidum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenophyllum splendidum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenophyllum splendidum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenophyllum splendidum
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum splendidum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenophyllum splendidum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100510, retrieved 25 May 2018

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