Cheilanthes bergiana Schltdl.

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Cheilanthes bergiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn forest, Vumba

Cheilanthes bergiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn forest, Vumba

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Synonyms: Cheilanthes elata Kunze
Cheilanthes streetiae (Baker) Baker
Hypolepis bergiana (Schltdl.) Hook.
Notholaena streetiae Baker
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Rhizome short, erect, up to 10 mm in diameter, producing underground stolons that give rise to new plants at their tips; rhizome scales dark brown with pale brown margins, lanceolate, margin (sub)entire, up to 9 mm long. Fronds tufted, erect to arching, herbaceous. Stipe dark brown, up to 60 cm long, densely set with short, brown hairs and with narrow scales at the extreme base. Lamina 15-45 cm × 15-50 cm, roughly pentagonal to triangular in outline, 3-pinnate to 5-pinnatifid; lower pinnae basiscopically developed, 2/3-3/4 the length of the lamina, upper pinnae less divided. Pinnules shortly petiolate, deltate-lanceolate in outline; ultimate segments oblong-lanceolate, decurrent, rounded, venation free, both surfaces lightly set with short hairs up to 1 mm long. Rhachis, costae and costules thinly pubescent. Sori small, less than 1 mm in diameter, marginal, discrete; indusium small, lunate, (sub)entire, membranous.
Notes: Could be confused with C. multifida or C. pentagona, but these species are (sub)-glabrous, do not have underground stolons and do not occur in forests.
Derivation of specific name: bergiana: named after C.H.Bergius (1790-1818), German collector in the Cape.
Habitat: Wet forest floors and forest edges, deep shade.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1500 m
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 24 August 2013

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 150. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 88.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 398 - 399. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 267 - 268. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 61.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 180.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 124.

Other sources of information about Cheilanthes bergiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cheilanthes bergiana
Flora of Mozambique: Cheilanthes bergiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cheilanthes bergiana
African Plant Database: Cheilanthes bergiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cheilanthes bergiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cheilanthes bergiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cheilanthes bergiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cheilanthes bergiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cheilanthes bergiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Cheilanthes bergiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cheilanthes bergiana
Plants of the World Online: Cheilanthes bergiana
Tropicos: Cheilanthes bergiana
Wikipedia: Cheilanthes bergiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cheilanthes bergiana., retrieved 22 June 2024

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