Vittaria elongata Sw.

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Vittaria elongata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rusitu river, Haroni-Rusitu.

Vittaria elongata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rusitu River

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Synonyms: Oetosis elongata (Sw.) Greene
Vittaria hildenbrandtii Hieron.
Vittaria stuhlmannii Hieron.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, branched; rhizome scales very dark brown, up to 6 mm long, lanceolate, clathrate, hairpointed. Fronds numerous, spaced at 5-15 mm intervals, thinly coracious. Lamina 20-80 × 0.5-1 cm, narrowed into a pale green to strawcoloured wiry stipe when dried, apex rounded, mucronate, with a hydathode at the tip. Midrib and veins obscure. Sori marginal in a groove formed by two narrow indusialike flanges of the lamina rim. Paraphyses articulated, simple, apical cell turbinate.
Notes: V.elongata differs from other species by having strictly marginal sori and relatively broad fronds.
Derivation of specific name: elongata: long, lengthened: referring to the long linear fronds.
Habitat: Low-altitude forest in the extreme south-east of Zimbabwe.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Comoro Isl., Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Pemba, Seychelles, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 July 2012

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 111 - 112. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 58.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 16.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 169.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 215 - 216. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 83.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 73.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Vittaria elongata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vittaria elongata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vittaria elongata
African Plant Database: Vittaria elongata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vittaria elongata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vittaria elongata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vittaria elongata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vittaria elongata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vittaria elongata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vittaria elongata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vittaria elongata
Plants of the World Online: Vittaria elongata
Tropicos: Vittaria elongata
Wikipedia: Vittaria elongata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vittaria elongata., retrieved 20 April 2024

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