Cyathea mossambicensis Baker

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Cyathea mossambicensis

Photo: Petra Ballings

Cyathea mossambicensis

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Alsophila campanulata R.M.Tryon
Alsophila mossambicensis (Baker) R. M. Tryon
Cyathea holstii Hieron.
Cyathea humilis Hieron.
Cyathea usambarensis Domin
Common names:
Status: Native
Tree fern. Caudex 80 × 15 cm; fronds herbaceous, up to 2 m long. Stem without spines and without aphlebia in the crown of the stem. Stipe dark brown, set with brown scales towards the base; scales narrowly lanceolate, margins pale and a dark apical seta. Lamina up to 1.9 m × 80 cm, 2-pinnate to 2-pinnatifid, rarely 3-pinnatifid, elliptic in outline, lowest four pairs of pinnae reduced. Pinnae 26 × 4.5 cm, oblong-attenuate, incised to the costa into narrowly oblong slightly falcate lobes, margins crenate-serrate, apex acute, upper surface with stiff curved pale hairs on the costa, lower surface with scattered stiff twisted hairs along the veins. Sori set in a single row on each side of the costule, restricted to the lower half of the pinnule; indusium cup-shaped, fragmenting soon after maturity.
Notes: Differs from other tree ferns in having less divided, 2-pinnate to 2-pinnatifid fronds
Derivation of specific name: mossambicensis: of Mozambique
Habitat: Deep shade along streambanks in evergreen or semi-deciduous forest
Altitude range: (metres) 380 - 1500 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 August 2010

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 86 - 87. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 31. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 164.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 198 - 199. As Alsophila mossambicensis (Bak.) Tryon (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 88.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 65. As Alsophila mossambicensis (Baker) R.M.Tryon

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 72. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cyathea mossambicensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cyathea mossambicensis
Flora of Mozambique: Cyathea mossambicensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyathea mossambicensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyathea mossambicensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyathea mossambicensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyathea mossambicensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyathea mossambicensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyathea mossambicensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyathea mossambicensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyathea mossambicensis
Plants of the World Online: Cyathea mossambicensis
Tropicos: Cyathea mossambicensis
Wikipedia: Cyathea mossambicensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyathea mossambicensis., retrieved 30 November 2023

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