Pyrrosia lanceolata (L.) Farw.

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Synonyms: Acrostichum lanceolatum L.
Cyclophorus lanceolatus (L.) Alston
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Rhizome slender, widely creeping, c. 1 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown to grey, linear to lanceolate, ciliate, up to 4 × 0.8 mm. Fronds spaced apart, stipitate, coriaceous. Stipe up to 20 mm long, densely covered with soft hairs when young, glabrous later. Lamina 50-200 × 6-10 mm, simple, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, apex pointed to rounded, base wedge-shaped to tapering, margins narrowly reflexed. Lower surface densely covered with soft, appressed, grey to brown stellate hairs with short arms, upper surface sparsely covered to more or less hairless. Sori numerous, oval, up to 1 mm long, confined to the upper half of the frond, emerging through the hairs.
Notes: Can be distinguished from other Pyrrosia species by its narrower fronds bearing stellate hairs with short, flattened arms, and the slender, widely creeping rhizome with fronds spaced wider apart (up to 4 cm) bearing ciliate scales.
Derivation of specific name: lanceolata: lanceolate, referring to the outline of the fronds, a rather meaningless epithet as it applies to practically all the species of the genus
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in Brachystegia woodland or in low-altitude riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 650 m
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, central African Republic, congo, DRC, Gabon, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Principe, Réunion, Rodrigues Isl., Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe. Also Sri Lanka, India and Malaysia to south China and Polynesia.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 90.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Other sources of information about Pyrrosia lanceolata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pyrrosia lanceolata
Flora of Mozambique: Pyrrosia lanceolata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pyrrosia lanceolata
African Plant Database: Pyrrosia lanceolata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pyrrosia lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pyrrosia lanceolata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pyrrosia lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pyrrosia lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrrosia lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Pyrrosia lanceolata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pyrrosia lanceolata
Plants of the World Online: Pyrrosia lanceolata
Tropicos: Pyrrosia lanceolata
Wikipedia: Pyrrosia lanceolata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pyrrosia lanceolata., retrieved 25 May 2024

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