Microsorum pappei (Mett. ex Kuhn) Ching

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Synonyms: Polypodium normale sensu Sim
Polypodium normale D.Don var. madagascariense Baker
Polypodium pappei Mett. ex Kuhn
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Rhizome widely creeping, up to 4 mm in diameter; rhizome scales dark brown, ovate-lanceolate, margins entire, tapering to a point, c. 35 mm long. Fronds spaced apart, simple, glabrous. Stipe up to 15 cm long, pale green, glabrous except for a few dark brown scales near the base. Lamina up to 40 × 5.5 cm, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate in outline, entire to weakly wavy, margins slightly inrolled, apex tapering to a point, base narrowly cuneate to tapering, midrib prominent on both surfaces, venation anastomosing with included veinlets. Sori round, 1-3 mm in diameter, scattered irregurly between the midrib and halfway to the margin, exindusiate, without paraphyses.
Notes: The small size and the randomly scattered pattern of the sori along the inner half of the frond distinguishes this species from others.
Derivation of specific name: pappei: named after C.W.L. Pappe (1803-1862), German botanist, author of Synopsis filicum Africae australis in 1858 together with R.W.Rawson.
Habitat: Usually lithophytic, sometimes epiphytic or terrestrial in deep shade in moist evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1500 m
Worldwide distribution: Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 199. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 548 - 549. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 176.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 313 - 314. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 101. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 160.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 158. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Microsorum pappei:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Microsorum pappei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Microsorum pappei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Microsorum pappei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Microsorum pappei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Microsorum pappei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Microsorum pappei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Microsorum pappei
JSTOR Plant Science: Microsorum pappei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Microsorum pappei
Plants of the World Online: Microsorum pappei
Tropicos: Microsorum pappei
Wikipedia: Microsorum pappei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Microsorum pappei.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101470, retrieved 30 November 2023

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