Pleopeltis × simiana (Schelpe & N.C. Anthony) N.R.Crouch & Klopper
subsp. simiana

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Synonyms: Pleopeltis macrocarpa × Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii
x Pleopodium simianum Schelpe & N.C. Anthony
Common names:
Rhizome widely creeping, 2-3 mm diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, narrowly ovate, up to 8 mm long. Fronds spaced apart. Stipe up to 10 cm long, glabrous with age. Lamina ± 140 × 20 mm, variously pinnatifid to unequally lobed; upper surface glabrous, undersurface set with ovate to circular, peltate scales with dark centre. Sori oval, placed in a single row on either side of the costae; exindusiate, without paraphyses; spores abortive.
Notes: A natural hybrid between Pleopeltis macrocarpa and P. polypodioides subsp. ecklonii.
Derivation of specific name: simiana: named after T.R. Sim (1858-1939), botanist & forester, author of The Ferns of South Africa.
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in moist coastal, riverine and montane forest where both parent Pleopeltis species grow.
Altitude range: (metres) 50 - 1800 m
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 194 - 195. As Pleopodium simianum (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 570 - 571. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9. As x Pleopodium simianum

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 105. As x Pleopodium simianum

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 163. As x Pleopodium simianum

Other sources of information about Pleopeltis × simiana subsp. simiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pleopeltis × simiana subsp. simiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pleopeltis × simiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pleopeltis × simiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pleopeltis × simiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pleopeltis × simiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pleopeltis × simiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pleopeltis × simiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pleopeltis × simiana
iNaturalist: Pleopeltis × simiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pleopeltis × simiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Pleopeltis × simiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pleopeltis × simiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pleopeltis × simiana
Plants of the World Online: Pleopeltis × simiana
Tropicos: Pleopeltis × simiana
Wikipedia: Pleopeltis × simiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pleopeltis × simiana subsp. simiana., retrieved 8 October 2022

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