Lomariopsis warneckei (Hieron.) Alston

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Lomariopsis warneckei

Photo: Petra Ballings
500 m below T-junction of Zona Tea Estate and road to border

Lomariopsis warneckei

Photo: Petra Ballings
500 m below T-junction of Zona Tea Estate and road to border

Lomariopsis warneckei

Photo: Petra Ballings
500 m below T-junction of Zona Tea Estate and road to border

Lomariopsis warneckei

Photo: Petra Ballings
500 m below T-junction of Zona Tea Estate and road to border

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lomariopsis nigrescens Holttum
Stenochlaena warneckei Hieron
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Rhizome long, climbing, c. 8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales brown to dark brown, concolorous, narrowly lanceolate, entire, up to 7 × 2 mm. Fronds spaced apart, arching, thinly coriaceous, strongly dimorphous. Stipe brown, up to 45 cm long in sterile fronds, up to 32 cm long in fertile fronds, scales similar to those on the rhizome, becoming glabrous, except towards the base. Sterile lamina up to 55 × 25 cm, narrowly ovate to lanceolate in outline, imparipinnate, up to 19 pairs of pinnae; pinnae alternate, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, apex tapering to a point, base unequally wedge-shaped, margins finely crenate, glabrous on both surfaces. Fertile lamina up to 42 × 15 cm, narrowly lanceolate in outline; pinnae shortly petiolate, linear, apex with a long drawn out point, base unequally wedge-shaped. rhachis brown, grooved, glabrous or with few brown scales. Sori cover the entire undersurface of the fertile pinnae.
Notes: Can be confused with Stenochlaena tenuifolia, this fern however has stiff sterile pinnae with toothed margins and bipinnate fertile fronds.
Derivation of specific name: warneckei: named after Otto Warnecke, a German botanist who collected the type specimen of this fern in Tanzania.
Habitat: Deep shade of evergreen forest, mostly at lower altitudes.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Worldwide distribution: bioko, burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Principe, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 12 May 2012

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 293 - 294.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 98.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 175.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 427. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 146.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 146.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 216 - 217. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Other sources of information about Lomariopsis warneckei:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Lomariopsis warneckei
Flora of Malawi: Lomariopsis warneckei
Flora of Mozambique: Lomariopsis warneckei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lomariopsis warneckei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lomariopsis warneckei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lomariopsis warneckei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lomariopsis warneckei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lomariopsis warneckei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lomariopsis warneckei
JSTOR Plant Science: Lomariopsis warneckei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lomariopsis warneckei
Plants of the World Online: Lomariopsis warneckei
Tropicos: Lomariopsis warneckei
Wikipedia: Lomariopsis warneckei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lomariopsis warneckei.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102100, retrieved 27 May 2024

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