Arundo donax L.

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Common names: Giant reed (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
Culms up to 6 m, usually simple. Leaves: lamina up to 60 × 6 cm, glaucous. Panicle 30–60 cm, oblong. Spikelets 12–18 mm, usually with 3 florets; lanceolate; lemmas lanceolate.
Notes: Similar to, and often growing with, Phragmites mauritianus, it never flowers in our area. It may be distinguished from species of Phragmites by its glaucous culms and leaves (green in Phragmites) and by the ligule.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Planted for the manufacture of baskets and sometimes well naturalised in ditches and by rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Asia
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 25.

Davies, H.F. (Undated). Alphabetical Catalogue of Plants growing in the gardens of Ewanrigg National Park, Arcturus. [Possibly not published (typed only)] Page 5.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 131.

Other sources of information about Arundo donax:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Arundo donax
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Arundo donax

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Arundo donax
African Plant Database: Arundo donax
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Arundo donax
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Arundo donax
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Arundo donax
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Arundo donax
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Arundo donax
JSTOR Plant Science: Arundo donax
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Arundo donax
Plants of the World Online: Arundo donax
Tropicos: Arundo donax
Wikipedia: Arundo donax

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Arundo donax., retrieved 10 December 2023

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