Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) P. Beauv.

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Oplismenus hirtellus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chirinda Forest.

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Synonyms: Oplismenus africanus P. Beauv.
Panicum hirtellum L.
Common names: Basket grass (English)
Status: Native
Trailing perennial. Culms up to 100 cm long with leaves lanceolate to narrowly ovate. Inflorescences with a distinct rhachis up to 3 cm long. Spikelets 2-4 mm long, in pairs, hairless to sparsely pubescent; awns smooth and sticky, longest 3-14 mm.
Derivation of specific name: hirtellus: finely and minutely hairy
Habitat: Growing in shade on the forest floor of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical except most of Asia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 29 May 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 354. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 41.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 8.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 137.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 49.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 132.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Oplismenus hirtellus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Oplismenus hirtellus
Flora of Malawi: Oplismenus hirtellus
Flora of Mozambique: Oplismenus hirtellus
Flora of Zambia: Oplismenus hirtellus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oplismenus hirtellus
African Plant Database: Oplismenus hirtellus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oplismenus hirtellus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oplismenus hirtellus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oplismenus hirtellus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oplismenus hirtellus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oplismenus hirtellus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oplismenus hirtellus
iNaturalist: Oplismenus hirtellus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oplismenus hirtellus
JSTOR Plant Science: Oplismenus hirtellus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oplismenus hirtellus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Oplismenus hirtellus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oplismenus hirtellus
Plants of the World Online: Oplismenus hirtellus
Tropicos: Oplismenus hirtellus
Wikipedia: Oplismenus hirtellus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Oplismenus hirtellus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106080, retrieved 1 April 2023

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