Panicum atrosanguineum A. Rich.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted, pilose annual with culms 10–40 cm. high. Leaf laminae 6–14 cm. long, narrowly lanceolate, acute. Panicle 4–20 cm. long, ovate or oblong, much branched, the branches fine and spreading or ascending. Spikelets 1.8–2 mm. long, ovate oblong, glabrous, purple tinged; inferior glume broadly ovate 2/3 the length of the spikelet, 3–5-nerved, acuminate; superior glume ovate, 5–7-nerved, acuminate; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, sterile, its palea poorly developed; superior lemma and palea dark, glossy.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Disturbed places in farmland and bushland
Altitude range: (metres) 100 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: NW. India, occurring Northwards into DRC and Ethiopia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 25.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Other sources of information about Panicum atrosanguineum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum atrosanguineum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum atrosanguineum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum atrosanguineum
African Plant Database: Panicum atrosanguineum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum atrosanguineum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum atrosanguineum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum atrosanguineum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum atrosanguineum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum atrosanguineum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum atrosanguineum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum atrosanguineum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum atrosanguineum
Tropicos: Panicum atrosanguineum
Wikipedia: Panicum atrosanguineum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Panicum atrosanguineum., retrieved 8 December 2023

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